Alopecia Areata Treatment In Bangalore
The hairy scalp is considered one of the most beautiful parts of the human body. That is why hair loss gives people an emotional breakdown.
Complete hair loss or alopecia becomes a major hair problem, it’s mostly visible in young people. There is some pattern of alopecia, people cannot identify the sign and symptoms that indicate alopecia and another type of it at the very first time. Because of late realization, people lost the chances of early treatment.
With the best treatment, people can recover from alopecia which may be temporary, or sometimes it may be permanent.
Here, we will discuss alopecia which is commonly known as alopecia areata, and its cause and treatment services.
What Is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is a type of alopecia where hair loss appears in a small area on the scalp. After the hair loss, the area looks like a patchy coin shape bald area on the scalp.
It is also an autoimmune disease like alopecia. This is not a common type like other alopecia. And people mostly suffer from an emotional breakdown.
Types of Alopecia Areata:
The common types of alopecia areata are the following:
- Patchy alopecia areata where one or multiple separate or conjoint patches of hair loss appear on the scalp.
- Alopecia totalis: total loss of the hair on the scalp.
- Ophiasis: in that case hair loss appear in a band-like shape along with the circumference of the head mostly on the border of the temporal and occipital bones.
- Sisaipho: when alopecia appears except around the periphery of the scalp.
Symptoms of Alopecia Areata:
Alopecia causes massive hair loss. But the most common symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss in a patchy pattern. Coin-size patches on the scalp become prominent and fall out from the area.
Other, hair growth also may be affected like eyelashes and eyebrows. In the case of men, beard hair also may show this kind of hair loss pattern. But most of the time, symptoms are visible on the scalp mainly.
The hair loss can suddenly develop in just a few days or over a few periods of weeks. People may fail to itch or burn in the area before hair loss. In that case, here follicles are not destroyed and hair can be regrown if the inflammation of the follicle suppresses.
So people who experienced just some patches of hair loss can have a full recovery without any form of treatment.
According to the research around 30% of individuals who have alopecia areata find that their condition either becomes more extensive or it becomes a continuous cycle of hair loss and re-growth.
Some symptoms are given below:
- Exclamation marks hair which means a few short hairs that get narrow at the bottom and grow in or around the edges of bald spots.
- Hair breaks are for reaching the skin surface this is called Cadaver hair.
- White hairs may grow in the areas affected by hair loss.
Apart from the hair loss, alopecia areata can also affect the nails of the fingers and toe full stuff sometimes the changes in nails indicate the first sign of this condition. The changes are given below:
- Pinpoint dents appear
- White spots and lines appear on
- Nails become laugh and lose their shine
- Nails become thin and split.
Causes of Alopecia Areata:
It is an autoimmune disease and happened to very few people. This disorder appears when white blood cells attack the hair follicle cells. And then as a result of it, the hair follicle shrinks hand dramatically slowing down hair production.
The actual reason why the immune system targets the hair follicles is completely unknown.
Some experts compared alopecia areata to vitiligo which is an autoimmune skin disease. In this skin problem immune system attack producing cells leading to white patches on the skin.
According to the researchers, maybe alopecia areata shares the same kind of reason behind it. They are must be some cells that destroy the hair follicle and increase the factor.
Scientist assumes that genetic issues are involved as alopecia areata is more likely to occur in a person who has a close family member with the disease. Researchers also get supportive reasons for this theory as one in five people with this disease has a family member who has also suffered from alopecia areata.
Besides all reasons, there is some evidence that proves alopecia areata is connected with stress. The extreme level of stress condition can potentially trigger this autoimmune disorder. But all the most recent research points toward the genetic cause.
According to the researchers that African Americans and Hispanic females have a greater lifetime occurrence of this condition compared to white females. Also, Asian people have a lower risk compared with white people.
According to a study of 2019 based on an analysis of over around 11000 cases in the national alopecia aerated registry between 2000-2016, the ratios are given below:
- 1.77 for Afro-American people
- 1.26 for other dresses including the native Americans as well as the people of the Pacific Islands.
- One for white skin people
- 0.9 for Hispanic people
- 0.4 for Asian people
There is only a few studies have examined the patterns and determinants of alopecia areata. Pathophysiological factors associated with this disorder are still unknown.
How Is Alopecia Areata Treated?
Unfortunately, there is no such particular treatment to cure this problem. Although dermatologists can use some forms of treatment that help hair regrowth more quickly.
The most common form of treatment that is used in alopecia areata is corticosteroids. It is a powerful anti-inflammatory drug that is capable to suppress the immune system. Doctors prescribe this drug mostly as local injections or topical ointment applications or orally.
Other medications that generally can be prescribed either promote hair growth or affect the immune system. Some medicine may help in hair regrowth but cannot prevent the formation of new bald patches.
Photochemotherapy is also are suggested treatment for this problem. For patients who are unable or unwilling to use systemic invasive therapy doctors suggest photochemotherapy.
This disorder does not directly sick people see no it is contagious. But it can give people emotional breakdowns.
Dermatological researchers experiment on animals with the use of quercetin. Which is a naturally occurring bio flavor night found in Fruit and Vegetables.
It can protect against the development of alopecia areata and is effective against existing hair loss. But for the human application of this drug, scientist needs more research.
Conventional treatments for alopecia areata are extremely limited. So medical science studies support the natural treatment for alopecia matter how thinner those are on the ground.
According to some opinions rubbing onion or garlic juice, cooled green tea, almond oil, Rosemary oil, honey, or coconut milk into the scalp. These all-natural products are highly effective for hair growth but according to the research, there is no kind of effectiveness against alopecia.
Some people adopt alternative treatment methods such as acupuncture and aroma therapy to treat these disorders and there is very little evidence that supports this treatment.
People who suffer from alopecia area mostly get the shock from the emotional ground. So they both need emotional support as well as proper treatment. Only expert dermatologists can help with the best support the patients suffering from alopecia areata. Hopefully with modern treatment and the best-experienced suggestions people can overcome alopecia areata bravely.